Do pecan trees grow in New Mexico?

He said New Mexico produces pecans on about 51,600 acres, mostly in the southwest and southeast corners of the state. “In New Mexico, there’s significant growth on the eastern side of the state,” Arnold said. “A significant amount of pecans were planted in that area.”

Can you grow pecans in New Mexico?

The New Mexico Pecan Industry Today

New Mexico now produces approximately 20% of the U.S. pecan crop each year and, in 2006, New Mexico became the largest pecan producing state in the nation for the first time in history. … Seventy percent of the industry acreage is in the Mesilla Valley (Dona Ana County).

Are there pecan orchards in New Mexico?

Doña Ana County is the biggest pecan-producing county nationwide, home to 70 percent of the state’s pecans, with the Mesilla Valley being the state’s leading pecan-producing region. It’s also the most valuable crop grown in the state.

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What kind of pecans grow in New Mexico?

Varieties suggested for planting in New Mexico include ‘Western Schley’, ‘Cheyenne’, ‘Ideal’ (‘Bradley’) and ‘Wichita’. The last two varieties are recommended as good pollinators. In the shorter growing season of northern New Mexico these varieties will not bear fruit.

What kind of nuts are grown in New Mexico?

Each of the state’s top nuts — piñons, pecans, peanuts, and pistachios — has its own story to tell about how and why it is grown and harvested. Few crops are more diverse and more individually tied culturally and economically to the various geographical areas of New Mexico than the state’s bountiful nut crops.

Why are pecans important to New Mexico?

While Georgia’s crop dwindled in 2018, New Mexico produced about 91 million pounds of the nut for the largest crop in the country. … But he said New Mexico’s pecan industry continued to provide a strong crop due to the state’s climate, available land, and strategic use of its water supplies.

Can pecan trees grow in shade?

Pecan Tree

Pecan trees provide beauty, shade and a yearly nut harvest. Pecan trees provide beauty, shade and a yearly nut harvest. The pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis) is a deciduous tree native to North America and most successfully grown in hardiness zones 5-9.

Which state pays the most for pecans?

Georgia is the leading U.S. producer of pecans. Pecan trees, a species of hickory, are the source of the only commercially produced tree nut native to the United States.

Where is the largest pecan orchard?

Stahmann Farms owns the world’s largest pecan orchard, located south of the city of Las Cruces, New Mexico.

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How much does an acre of pecan trees produce?

Typically, trees produce 40 to 50 pounds per acre at five years. “The record for a 5-year production average is 1,000 pounds per acre,” Rohla says.

When can I plant pecans?

Sow pecan seeds in early spring in a sunny garden bed. Fertilize the soil with 10-10-10 before planting. After two years a seedling should be around 4 to 5 feet (1-1.5 m.) tall and ready for grafting.

How do you plant a pecan tree?


  1. Space your pecan trees 40′ to 70′ apart.
  2. Dig a hole wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system.
  3. Wet the roots thoroughly before planting.
  4. Many nut trees have just one main root, almost like a giant skinny carrot. …
  5. The taproot of a seedling pecan tree should be pruned before planting.

How are pecans harvested?

The farmers then leave the nuts on the ground for the next machine to pick them up off the ground. After that, the nuts are collected by the harvesting machines, called “pickers”. The growers or workers then clean the pecans, removing all the dirt, debris, and leaves away from the nuts.

What nut is New Mexico known for?

Your Nuts, New Mexico. The nut of the official state tree—the piñon—packs tradition, culture, and incredible flavor into one notoriously tough shell.

What is the fastest growing tree in New Mexico?

Our Tulip and Hybrid Poplars are two of the fastest-growing trees you can find. Both these trees can tolerate New Mexico’s varied climate. They will soon become well established and appear as though they have been part of your residential landscape for years.

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Can avocados grow in New Mexico?

New Mexico is not an avocado growing state. California, Texas (lower Rio Grande Valley), and Florida grow avocados. The Cooperative Extension Services of their Land Grant Universities are good sources of additional information about growing avocados.